As world leaders gather for the 77th United Nations General Assembly (UNGA 77) 2022, the world grapples with myriad challenges including a sharp increase in violent conflicts, acute food insecurity, shortage of energy, the climate crisis, and three public health concerns of international nature (COVID-19, Polio and Monkeypox). These crises have severely affected vulnerable populations, impacting their access to life-saving immunization and socio-economic wellbeing thus limiting their access to health and non-health services such as education, water, and sanitation. The prevailing situation alarms the world about the importance of disease surveillance, health system strengthening and pandemic preparedness. View More